A climatology of strong wind events at McMurdo station, Antarctica

first_imgThe first climatology of strong wind events (SWEs) at McMurdo station, Antarctica based on the in situ observations and reanalysis fields is presented. SWEs occur throughout the year, but with a minimum during the summer. They are associated with negative mean sea level pressure (MSLP) and upper height anomalies across the Ross Sea/Ice Shelf, as well as positive temperature anomalies at the station. Wind directions during SWEs exhibit a bimodal distribution of 135–180° and 45–90°. This distribution occurs because of the interaction of the predominantly southerly flow with the orography of Black and White Island and Minna Bluff. The east-northeast flow is associated with winds that are deflected around the orography, while the more southerly events have sufficient energy to override the barriers. The bimodal wind distribution is most common during the winter season since the southerly flow is stronger as a result of deeper cyclonic systems. SWEs also occur when there are large, positive MSLP anomalies at McMurdo station as ridges of high pressure build from the interior and enhance the pressure gradient between the continental high and offshore lows. The interannual variability in the number of winter SWEs is large. Years with many SWEs are associated with a deep climatological low centred over the north eastern Ross Ice Shelf. Years with few winter SWEs have a weakened mid-tropospheric vortex over the Ross Ice Shelf. There are periods when the index of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) correlates with the number of SWEs. However, the links are not statistically significant in the longer term. A similar link was also observed between the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) and the interannual variability in the number of SWEs. The relationship was found to be stronger when the phase of ENSO and the SAM were the same.last_img read more

Utah State Men’s Basketball Faces Houston Thursday

first_imgDecember 20, 2018 /Sports News – Local Utah State Men’s Basketball Faces Houston Thursday Brad James Written by Tags: Armoni Brooks/Corey Davis Jr./Houston/Mountain West Conference/Neemias Queta/Sam Merrill/The Associated Press/Utah State FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailHOUSTON-The 9-2 Utah State men’s basketball team travels to Houston Thursday to face the unbeaten Cougars, who currently sport a 10-0 record.This will be only the third meeting against Houston for the Aggies and their first since the 1969-70 season. The series is tied 1-1 all-time.The Cougars come into this one ranked 21st in the nation and the Aggies are 16-99 (.139) all-time against foes ranked in The Associated Press Top 25.The Aggies seek to break a 14-game losing streak to ranked teams Thursday evening.Utah State scores 84 points per game and surrenders 66 points per contest, each of which are the best in the Mountain West Conference.The Aggies are 4th in the nation in rebounding margin (+13.2) and have out-rebounded every opponent this season.Utah State’s leading scorer remains junior guard Sam Merrill, who averages 20.2 points per game.Portuguese national, freshman center Neemias Queta averages a team-best 8.5 rebounds per contest as well as 10.3 points per game.The Cougars are paced by complementary guards in junior Armoni Brooks (15.8 points, 7.2 rebounds per game) and senior Corey Davis Jr. (15.7 points, 3.3 rebounds per game). Davis also shoots a team-best 93.5 percent (29 of 31) at the foul line.Houston also places the clamps down defensively, giving up only 60.2 points per game while scoring a healthy 75.3 points per game themselves.last_img read more

Report: Steelers’ Antonio Brown requests trade

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPhil Ellsworth / ESPN Images(NEW YORK) — Steelers wide receiver Antonio Brown reportedly wants out of Pittsburgh.A source tells ESPN the seven-time Pro-Bowler has officially asked to be traded from the team.The news comes after Brown alluded to his plans in a tweet Tuesday.Thank you SteelerNation for a big 9 years…time to move on and forward………. #NewDemands pic.twitter.com/fbIoFNdqK4— Antonio Brown (@AB84) February 12, 2019Brown, 30, has been with the Steelers since his NFL career began in 2010. This past season, he caught 104 passes for 1,297 yards and 15 touchdowns.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. February 13, 2019 /Sports News – National Report: Steelers’ Antonio Brown requests trade Beau Lundcenter_img Written bylast_img read more

USA: Raytheon Wins USD 50 Million Multi-Spectral Targeting Systems Contract

first_img View post tag: Multi-Spectral View post tag: usa View post tag: targeting View post tag: News by topic Equipment & technology View post tag: USD March 4, 2011 Back to overview,Home naval-today USA: Raytheon Wins USD 50 Million Multi-Spectral Targeting Systems Contract View post tag: Navy View post tag: Systems View post tag: £50 View post tag: million View post tag: wins View post tag: Raytheon View post tag: Naval USA: Raytheon Wins USD 50 Million Multi-Spectral Targeting Systems Contract View post tag: contract U.S. electronics giant Raytheon has won a $50 million contract to supply the U.S. Navy with multi-spectral targeting systems…(spacewar)[mappress]Source: spacewar,March 4, 2011; Share this articlelast_img read more

Crunch time

first_imgWhen consumers buy lunch from a high-street bakery or sandwich shop, how many of them buy a drink and a snack to go alongside a pasty or roll? OK, an exact figure isn’t available, but it’s a lot. Looking to other retailers that have considerable success with the lunchtime trade, bakers might think about taking a leaf out of their book. Boots, for example, is known for its meal deals, offering a sandwich/salad with a drink and snack – such as crisps, bags of nuts or dried fruit, cereal bars or chocolate – for £2.99; and Boots is a chemist!MD of Salty Dog Crisps Dave Willis agrees it is important for bakery retailers to stock a wide range of crisps and snacks. “So many people buy drinks, sandwiches and crisps for their lunch, that if bakers don’t sell these items, they could even miss out on the whole sale, as consumers may go elsewhere,” explains Willis. “They’re very much a staple of the British lunchtime diet.”Salty nicheEstablished in 2002, Salty Dog supplies a range of crisps, vegetable crisps and nuts to the UK independent food sector, including a number of bakeries and the sandwich chain EAT, as well as into wholesale. “Our crisps are not sold in major supermarkets, which is a policy decision we made. The great thing about that is that bakers’ customers aren’t seeing the same crisps on the shelves of supermarkets at a cheaper price,” explains Willis. “It makes them more of a niche product, meaning that more margin can be made. Also, if customers like them, it gives them more of a reason to return.” He says a large number of retailers that have started stocking the crisps have reported sales shooting up. The 10-strong range includes Sea Salt, Sweet Chilli, Strong Cheddar and Onion, Horseradish and Sourcream and a new flavour, Black Pepper and Ginger, launched this month.In terms of what’s hot and what’s not, a report published by Mintel in March this year revealed that cheese and onion has now taken the top spot for the nation’s favourite flavour, knocking ready salted into second place.The market for cheese and onion crisps is currently worth around £256m, says Mintel, with sales up 15% in the last two years. Other popular flavours are salt and vinegar and prawn cocktail. “Despite the ongoing development of new and exciting flavours, the traditional favourites still win hands-down,” says senior market analyst Emmanuelle Bouvier.United Biscuits commercial manager Nick Stuart. says the growing UK bagged snacks market provides plenty of sales and profit opportunities for bakery retailers. “A carefully planned range of snacks provides the consumer with convenience and pleasure and can produce incremental sales and profits from impulse purchases.”Adding: “Customers who are buying a sausage roll or Cornish pasty for their lunch might also want to complete their meal with a soft drink or a packet of crisps, so retailers should have a range of products to meet this demand.”Brakes’ product knowledge manager Sally Sturley says snacking now accounts for 28% of all food consumption in the UK, with the combined crisps, snacks and nuts market worth £1.99bn per year.”As customers have less disposable income, and are increasingly time-poor, having a grab-and-go snack menu alongside a full food offering is a good way of generating extra income from impulse purchases,” says Sturley.Healthier optionsWith so much hype around healthy eating, it’s no wonder that many companies are now offering healthier snacking options as an alternative to crisps. For example, alongside its bags of tortilla chips and crisps, Brakes now offers snack-size bags of dried fruit and nuts. Options include Totally Apricots, Jumbo Raisins and Sultanas and Fruit and Toasted Seed Mix. Another range of snacks looking to tackle the healthy eating snack market is Ryvita Minis. Launched back in 2004, the high-fibre snacks are now worth around £6.3m.Tapping into a slightly different market, fruit snacks supplier Whitworths has just launched a range of 45g fruit, nut and chocolate snack bags, called Nibl, aiming to combine the health and indulgence trends. Senior product manager Esther Laycock-Smith says: “The growth in demand for healthier snacks has been well documented, but less prominence has been given to the fact that many adults do not want to compromise on taste.”Crisps and snacks are an integral part of a bakery’s offering and shouldn’t just be viewed as shelf-fillers. They can be promoted as part of a meal deal and, by stocking a range that’s a little bit different, can draw new customers in and increase your profit margins.last_img read more

My microbes

first_imgGut bacteria’s key role in immunity is tuned to the host species, researchers have found, suggesting that the superabundant microbes lining our digestive tract evolved with us — a tantalizing clue in the mysterious rise in human autoimmune disorders.A new study reports that the superabundance of microbial life lining our GI tracts has co-evolved with us. These bacteria, which are essential for a healthy immune system, are ultimately our evolutionary partners.This study, the first to demonstrate that microbes are specific to their host species, also sheds light on the “hygiene hypothesis.” According to this idea, increasingly hyper-hygienic environments might be contributing to a rise in childhood allergies, as these beneficial host-specific microbes are hindered by a plethora of antibacterial home products and cleaning chemicals.“For every cell in your body that is you, that contains your specific genetic information, there are approximately nine foreign bacterial cells, primarily in your digestive tract and even on your skin,” said Dennis Kasper, Harvard Medical School professor of microbiology and immunobiology and senior author on the paper. “From the viewpoint of cell count, every human being is 90 percent microbial. Now we’ve found that these bacteria, which we need for optimal health, are species-specific.”The paper appears in the June 22 issue of Cell.[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zPO8-M_rcUo]That 500 to 1,000 microbial species inhabit mammals has long been documented. Researchers have suggested that when it comes to digestion and other metabolic activities, the particular species of bacteria may not be significant provided the bacteria contain specific, helpful genes. A bacterium that breaks down food in a mouse gut can probably do the same in a human.But the microbes that fortify our immune system have not been studied in this regard. Are they functionally unique, or would any species suffice?Hachung Chung, a postdoctoral researcher in Kasper’s lab, studied two groups of mice, both bred to lack microbial flora. For one group, she introduced microbial species that are natural to mice, and for the second, she introduced human microbes.For both groups of mice, an equal quantity of microbes, and an equal diversity of species, soon flourished in their digestive tracts.But despite this apparent similarity, when Chung examined the intestinal tissue, including intestinal lymph nodes, she discovered that the mice with humanized microbes had surprisingly low levels of immune cells, levels equivalent to mice lacking intestinal bacteria altogether.“Despite the abundant and complex community of bacteria that were in the human flora-mice, it seemed like the mouse host did not recognize the bacteria, as if the mice were germ-free,” said Chung.Chung repeated the experiment, only this time populating a third group of mice with microbes common to rats. This new group showed the same immune system deficiency as the humanized mice. “I was very surprised to see that,” Chung said. “Naturally, I would have expected more of a halfway response.”In a third experiment, Chung infected all the mice with salmonella. Almost from day one, the mice with human flora showed significantly higher levels of salmonella in their system than the mice with normal flora. The immune systems of the mice with human flora were effectively incapable of fending off the pathogenic bacteria.“This raises serious questions regarding our current overuse of antibiotics, as well as ultra-hygienic environments that many of us live in,” said Kasper. “If the bacteria within us is specific to us and necessary for normal immune system function, then it’s important to know if we are in fact losing these vital bacteria. Are we losing the bacteria we have co-evolved with? If that is the case, then this is yet further evidence supporting the idea that the loss of good bacteria is partly to blame for the increased rates of autoimmunity that we are now seeing.”last_img read more

Trail Mix: Fiddle Tune X

first_imgA couple years back, while looking at a slate of bands that might be booked for a festival, a good friend accused me of being fixated on acoustic guitar duos. Two guys. Two guitars. That’s it. I was told that was all I liked.While his proclamation was a bit tongue in cheek, and wasn’t entirely true, I must admit to a certain fondness for a stripped down acoustic duo. There is something about the intimacy that two musicians can create with their music that I find alluring.The songs don’t get lost within the dynamic of a larger band and the listener is free to hone his focus on what is happening between just two people. There is some validity to the statement that, sometimes, less is truly more, and the simplicity of what is taking place between the two musicians can be fascinating.I do believe it takes a certain caliber of musician to make a good duo work. First, both musicians have to have chops. A good chemistry between the partners also helps. Good songs are a must, too. There are certain duos out there that share this mojo; Tim O’Brien and Darrell Scott, Russ Barenberg and Bryan Sutton, and, when both were still alive, the partnerships between Jerry Garcia and Dave Grisman and John Cephas and Phil Wiggins were beyond extraordinary. When listening to these duos, I never lament the fact that there are just two musicians on stage. The music they make is perfect as is and wants for nothing.I am ready to add another duo to this list. Billy Strings and Don Julin, who have just released their latest record, Fiddle Tune X, are a study in contrasts, a cross-generational coupling, with some thirty years separating the close-cropped Strings with the longer haired Julin. The distance between their birthdays is aptly bridged, however, by the affinity they share for the music of the Appalachian coal country.Both Strings, on guitar, and Julin, on mandolin, are impressive pickers. Strings pulls from his Martin tonal sounds reminiscent of the great Tony Rice, and Julin calls to mind mandolin pickers like the aforementioned Tim O’Brien. As evidenced on Fiddle Tune , they also share great chemistry.Fiddle Tune X, recorded around a single microphone in a variety of live settings – you can hear audience chatter and even traffic sounds in the recording’s background – is a collection of old standards and original tunes. The record brilliantly captures the magic Strings and Julin create when they play together. Take a listen to “Walk On Boy,” featured on this month’s Trail Mix, which highlights Strings’ bluesy tenor and tasty guitar licks, or the tender tones of Julin’s mandolin on the duo’s rendition of Bill Monroe’s “Lonesome Moonlight Waltz.” Strings and Julin also rip through old standards like “Shady Grove,” “How Mountain Girls Can Love,” “Little Maggie,” and “Sharecropper’s Son” on the record. I have heard each of these songs many, many times by many other bluegrass bands, but Strings and Julin add a new spice to each, mainly because the instrumentation – just guitar and mandolin – is so varied from the banjo driven traditional bluegrass line up.When Billy Strings and Don Julin flank their condenser microphone, they command my rapt attention. It takes a special musical pairing to captivate me that way. After each listen, I am not left wanting more musicians, just more songs.last_img read more

MS-13 and Barrio 18 are using women and girls as enforcers

first_img During a conference in Honduras in August 2013, judicial representatives from the countries which comprise the Central American Integration System (SICA) agreed to develop a uniform policy to fight gangs and other organized crime groups in Central America. “This initiative is about working together, and there is talk about unifying the types of criminal offenses, since there are nine, in order to tackle them in the same manner within SICA member countries,” said Erick Laguna, a Nicaraguan judge who presides over organized crime cases. In July and May 2013, security forces from Guatemala and El Salvador, in a joint operation, captured 200 suspected gang members. During the operations, security forces captured a high-ranking leader of MS-13, Angel Roberto Interiano Calderon, a Salvadoran who is known as “El Capo.” Security forces also captured two alleged Barrio 18 leaders, Nery Leonel Reyes Carranza, of Guatemala, and Adonias Joel Martinez, of Honduras. Martinez is known as “Cara Quemada.” ‘The Devil’ Unified response Gangs are still predominantly male, but the number of women and teenage female gang members is rising. The 2007 study “Maras and Gangs, Community and Policy in Central America,” found that 40 percent of Central American gang members were women or teenage girls. The study was conducted by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). The number of female gang members varies from country to country, according to studies. For example, in Honduras, an estimated 20 percent of gang members are women or teenage girls, InsightCrime.org reported. Almost all of the gang members in that country belong to MS-13 and Barrio 18. Some 22,000 gang members operate in Guatemala, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). At least 15 percent of the gang members in Guatemala are women or teenage girls, according to the Guatemala National Civil Police (PNC). The number of women prisoners in that country has doubled in eight years. Most of the female inmates were incarcerated for theft or homicide. Women gangsters must be tough Female gang members increasing Lucía Pérez, a high-ranking member of MS-13, told her story to La Vanguardia in September 2013. Pérez said she was recruited into MS-13 at the age of 12. She was given the nickname “The Devil.” “I was tough and brave. I earned a spot within the ranks,” Pérez said. Her back was covered in tattoos, which represented the “achievements” of the gang, she said. At the age of 20, Pérez has two children – and is serving a 35-year prison sentence for murder, robbery, and kidnapping. The Devil’s case is far from unusual: As is the case with most gang members and organized crime operatives, most women gang members end up incarcerated or die violently. Women and teenage girls who want to join a gang must show courage and loyalty, endure initiation beatings, and complete “missions” to pass their “check-up” before they are admitted to the gang, according to the report “Violent Women and Violence against Women”, by Interpeace, an independent international organization based in Switzerland. To join MS-13 or Barrio 18, women and teenager girls must endure beatings that last 13 seconds and 18 seconds, respectively. Or they can join by having sex with several gang members, according to the report. Women who choose to be beaten are given greater respect within the gang. MS-13 and Barrio 18 require lifelong loyalty from their members. Leaving the gang is considered a betrayal, which the gangs punish with death. Many women decide to try to leave a gang when they become pregnant or after they have given birth, according to the report. “It is very difficult for women to leave the structure of the criminal organization because they are dominated by the gang, dominated by their partner, and in the condition of becoming a mother, which (in some cases) leads them to remain within the gang,” Santos said. With increasing frequency, Mara Salvatrucha, Barrio 18, and other violent street gangs in Central America are women and teenage girls to not only transport drugs and collect extortion payments, but to work as enforcers. Gangs in El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica are using more women and teenage girls than ever before, according to Jorge Santos, coordinator of the International Center for Human Rights Research (CIIDH) in Guatemala. Street gangs in those and other Latin American countries are using women and girls to commit more violent crimes than ever, Santos said. However, Mara Salvatrucha (which is also known as MS-13) and Barrio 18 appear to be gangs which use women and girls with the greatest frequency, Santos said. “Children, adolescents, and women are being trained by MS-13 and Barrio 18 gangs in handling weapons so they can be used as hitmen and in criminal intelligence work,” Santos explained. Even very young female gang members are participating in violence. For example, in July 2013, Guatemalan security forces arrested a 13-year-old girl on suspicion of participating in the killing of a man near Guatemala City. She was arrested with two other minors, both of whom are male. Security forces took two handguns from the suspects. By Dialogo October 31, 2013 This article is very interesting, I had never read it before. Really sad that young women feel they have to join a gang for protection or for a sense of family. There are other options out there, Christ is all the family anyone truly needs. He will protect you, love you, and keep you. Trust in the name of Jesus, He is maker and died so you can live in Him. God bless.last_img read more

Rijeka Airport: Traffic on the Rijeka-Munich route is not yet satisfactory, but we expect growth from year to year

first_imgThe year-round Rijeka-Munich route is already operating, ie it has continued uninterruptedly after the summer season, they point out from Rijeka Airport, and currently Croatia Airlines can fly to Munich every Thursday and Sunday with a Dash 8 Q400 aircraft. “The current traffic on this line is not very satisfactory since the average occupancy of aircraft in the past winter months was only 25%. However, this occupancy should be taken with a large amount of reserve since it is only the first year of this line during the winter, and potential passengers are not yet sufficiently aware of its existence, ie with winter lines it is normal that the habit of traveling during the winter is formed only after 3-4 years of turnover. The same can be seen from our experience with the year-round line to Cologne, which was introduced last winter, and this year continued with a change of destination to Düsseldorf, but these two cities are only 40km away, so it can be said that they are the same market. ” stand out from Rijeka Airport. The opportunity is there, let’s use it. If the route is not profitable in 2-3 years, it will be canceled, which gives a clear signal to other airlines. Namely, last year the average occupancy of aircraft on the line Rijeka – Cologne was 40%, while this year the percentage has risen to 55%. These are funds that help establish the year-round Rijeka-Munich airline. Until now, Rijeka has been connected to Munich via Croatia Airlines on Thursdays and Sundays from October 28.10.2018, 30.3.2019. to March 2018, 2019, and in accordance with the new financial resources, the mentioned line continued during XNUMX as well as in XNUMX, so Kvarner is connected by a year-round line with Munich. Rijeka Airportcenter_img The decision of the Tourist Board provided additional funds for the implementation of strategic marketing campaigns in emitting markets in 2019 for advertising in cooperation with Croatia Airlines and the Kvarner Tourist Board, which provides funds for this cooperation in the same amount as the CNTB.  By the way, after last year’s record season in which 30% growth was achieved in passenger transport, four new lines were opened at Rijeka Airport in 2019, and new lines are being opened. “In 2019 For now, we have confirmed the arrival of 4 new airlines: TUI, Volote, Lufthansa and Air Serbia, which will fly to 3 new destinations: London Gatwick, Marseille and Belgrade, and the already existing Munich. Belgrade will be another year-round line that will continue to operate after the summer season. Negotiations are currently underway with some other companies, but so far we have not confirmed any other new lines. ” conclude from Rijeka Airport. What is the most difficult and most important is to open a direct flight with a destination, it is the first prerequisite for the growth of tourism, especially in the pre- and post-season. And having a direct year-round line with Cologne and Munich is a big plus for the whole of Kvarner. Now it is necessary to sit at the table, all tourism workers, and target the mentioned markets in order to create demand, and thus the profitability of the line. This is an opportunity not to be missed. Out of the tourist season, Kvarner can certainly build its opportunity through events, health, active and business tourism. last_img read more

Analyst dream team quits CSFB for rival

first_imgWould you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.last_img