In August 2012, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago held fêtes 50 years in the making, marking their golden jubilees with music, dance and national flags. On August 6, 1962, Jamaica was the first of 10 Caribbean nations to declare independence. The celebration in the country of 2.8 million was about culture and accomplishment in a developing nation. “Jamaica may not have achieved all that was expected,” P.J. Patterson, prime minister from 1992 to 2006, told The Miami Herald. “We certainly have advanced in terms of breaking down the barriers of social divisions and of creating basic standards of life, which are distinctively higher than they were before.” Trinidad and Tobago, which became independent on August 31, 1962, is now the richest Caribbean nation, thanks to oil and gas reserves and a stable Government. “We have changed governments three to four times over that 50-year period without any bloodshed, without any riots, in a country that historically has a politics infused with race and religion in a very complex potpourri,” said Attorney General Anand Ramlogan. Source: The Miami Herald By Dialogo October 01, 2012
During a conference in Honduras in August 2013, judicial representatives from the countries which comprise the Central American Integration System (SICA) agreed to develop a uniform policy to fight gangs and other organized crime groups in Central America. “This initiative is about working together, and there is talk about unifying the types of criminal offenses, since there are nine, in order to tackle them in the same manner within SICA member countries,” said Erick Laguna, a Nicaraguan judge who presides over organized crime cases. In July and May 2013, security forces from Guatemala and El Salvador, in a joint operation, captured 200 suspected gang members. During the operations, security forces captured a high-ranking leader of MS-13, Angel Roberto Interiano Calderon, a Salvadoran who is known as “El Capo.” Security forces also captured two alleged Barrio 18 leaders, Nery Leonel Reyes Carranza, of Guatemala, and Adonias Joel Martinez, of Honduras. Martinez is known as “Cara Quemada.” ‘The Devil’ Unified response Gangs are still predominantly male, but the number of women and teenage female gang members is rising. The 2007 study “Maras and Gangs, Community and Policy in Central America,” found that 40 percent of Central American gang members were women or teenage girls. The study was conducted by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). The number of female gang members varies from country to country, according to studies. For example, in Honduras, an estimated 20 percent of gang members are women or teenage girls, InsightCrime.org reported. Almost all of the gang members in that country belong to MS-13 and Barrio 18. Some 22,000 gang members operate in Guatemala, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). At least 15 percent of the gang members in Guatemala are women or teenage girls, according to the Guatemala National Civil Police (PNC). The number of women prisoners in that country has doubled in eight years. Most of the female inmates were incarcerated for theft or homicide. Women gangsters must be tough Female gang members increasing Lucía Pérez, a high-ranking member of MS-13, told her story to La Vanguardia in September 2013. Pérez said she was recruited into MS-13 at the age of 12. She was given the nickname “The Devil.” “I was tough and brave. I earned a spot within the ranks,” Pérez said. Her back was covered in tattoos, which represented the “achievements” of the gang, she said. At the age of 20, Pérez has two children – and is serving a 35-year prison sentence for murder, robbery, and kidnapping. The Devil’s case is far from unusual: As is the case with most gang members and organized crime operatives, most women gang members end up incarcerated or die violently. Women and teenage girls who want to join a gang must show courage and loyalty, endure initiation beatings, and complete “missions” to pass their “check-up” before they are admitted to the gang, according to the report “Violent Women and Violence against Women”, by Interpeace, an independent international organization based in Switzerland. To join MS-13 or Barrio 18, women and teenager girls must endure beatings that last 13 seconds and 18 seconds, respectively. Or they can join by having sex with several gang members, according to the report. Women who choose to be beaten are given greater respect within the gang. MS-13 and Barrio 18 require lifelong loyalty from their members. Leaving the gang is considered a betrayal, which the gangs punish with death. Many women decide to try to leave a gang when they become pregnant or after they have given birth, according to the report. “It is very difficult for women to leave the structure of the criminal organization because they are dominated by the gang, dominated by their partner, and in the condition of becoming a mother, which (in some cases) leads them to remain within the gang,” Santos said. With increasing frequency, Mara Salvatrucha, Barrio 18, and other violent street gangs in Central America are women and teenage girls to not only transport drugs and collect extortion payments, but to work as enforcers. Gangs in El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica are using more women and teenage girls than ever before, according to Jorge Santos, coordinator of the International Center for Human Rights Research (CIIDH) in Guatemala. Street gangs in those and other Latin American countries are using women and girls to commit more violent crimes than ever, Santos said. However, Mara Salvatrucha (which is also known as MS-13) and Barrio 18 appear to be gangs which use women and girls with the greatest frequency, Santos said. “Children, adolescents, and women are being trained by MS-13 and Barrio 18 gangs in handling weapons so they can be used as hitmen and in criminal intelligence work,” Santos explained. Even very young female gang members are participating in violence. For example, in July 2013, Guatemalan security forces arrested a 13-year-old girl on suspicion of participating in the killing of a man near Guatemala City. She was arrested with two other minors, both of whom are male. Security forces took two handguns from the suspects. By Dialogo October 31, 2013 This article is very interesting, I had never read it before. Really sad that young women feel they have to join a gang for protection or for a sense of family. There are other options out there, Christ is all the family anyone truly needs. He will protect you, love you, and keep you. Trust in the name of Jesus, He is maker and died so you can live in Him. God bless.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Jonathan Graff’s body was found in a Bay Shore Park on Friday, Oct. 10, police said.Suffolk County police Saturday afternoon released a photo of the Queens teenager whose lifeless body was found in a Bay Shore Park after he was shot to death. Police also said they’re seeking the public’s help in 17-year-old Jonathan Graff’s shooting death. He was last seen in Jamaica on Oct. 9, police said. Graff was wearing dark blue jeans, a black hooded sweatshirt, a baseball cap and black sneakers, police said.A man walking his dog in Spur Drive Park late Friday afternoon discovered Graff’s body and called police. Graff’s body was taken to the Suffolk County Medical Examiner’s office for an autopsy. Anyone with information on the shooting or who may have seen Graff before the incident is asked to call Homicide Squad detectives at 631-852-6392 or Crimes Stoppers at 1-800-220-TIPS.
US securities regulators charged BMW with inflating its retail sales volumes to investors, fining the luxury car company US$18 million in a settlement announced Thursday.BMW of North America, a subsidiary of the German company, provided inaccurate and misleading information while raising $18 billion in corporate bond offerings, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) said.From 2015 to 2019, BMW relied on a reserve of unreported car sales that it used to meet targets regardless of when the sales took place. BMW also inaccurately designated some vehicles as sold when they had not been, and adjusted its sales reporting calendar in 2015 and 2017 to meet targets or bank excess sales for future use.”Companies accessing US markets to raise capital have an obligation to provide accurate information to investors,” said SEC enforcement director Stephanie Avakian.”Through its repeated disclosure failures, BMW misled investors about its US retail sales performance and customer demand for BMW vehicles in the US market while raising capital in the US.”BMW said it was “pleased” to resolve the matter, noting in a statement that the SEC had praised the automaker for cooperating with the probe.”Much of the conduct at issue in the SEC settlement occurred over three years ago,” BMW said. “The order is based on US securities laws which can be satisfied by negligence. There is no allegation or finding in the order that any BMW entity engaged in intentional misconduct.”Topics :
The kitchen before the reno …This area then flows out on to the covered deck overlooking the pool and gardens. … and after the renoOn this level you will find three bedrooms including the master bedroom with an ensuite and walk-in-robe, a family bathroom and laundry.The kitchen has a black porcelain benchtop and contrasting white Caesarstone island bench and is open on to the living and dining space. … and the kitchen now.On the lower level is a fourth bedroom with ensuite, a wine cellar and the garage. The living area before the renovation …More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus16 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market16 hours agoStrategically placed skylights and glass sliding doors bring the outdoors, indoors. Entry is via a wide staircase that leads to a keyless entry front door. The house before the renovationMs Lewis is the founder of the Antler and Moss label, which specialises in contemporary and often edgy tablewear created by Aussie artisans. That style flows through in the restoration and extension of Ms Lewis’ four bedroom house, where stark black and white palletes mix with natural finishes. The bathroom before …. Designer Mel Lewis has listed her Auchenflower home following an extensive renovation.ANTLER and Moss designer Mel Lewis has listed her Auchenflower home following an extensive renovation. Built in 1894, Ms Lewis bought 37 Annie Street in 2017 and has given it a modern new design. It will go to auction on November 17. … and after the reno.Other features include a city aspect from the front deck, wine cellar, an authentic Coco Flip pendant and custom painted David Trubridge pendant, NSW spotted gum timber flooring, and plenty of storage throughout including an attached external storage shed.The property is listed with Judi O’Dea of Space Property.
Further, He has been removed from the current India A squad set to play a multi-day game against Sri Lanka A starting May 31, 2019. The BCCI will not tolerate such violations in the future and strict actions will be taken if a player is found violating the BCCI rules and regulations.Meanwhile, Kolkata Knight Riders didn’t qualify for the playoffs in the twelfth edition of the Indian Premier League (IPL) even after playing some good cricket at the start. Dinesh Karthik, who lead KKR is currently on national duty, playing the all-important World Cup. India will play its first game against South Africa on June 5. For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. New Delhi: The Kolkata Knight Riders batsman, Rinku Singh has been suspended by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) for three months after violating the rules and regulations written under the BCCI. In a press realese by BCCI, it was said, “It has been brought to the notice of the Board of Cricket for Cricket in India that First-class cricketer from Uttar Pradesh and India A player Mr. Rinku Singh participated in an unauthorized T20 tournament in Abu Dhabi.”Mr. Singh did not seek permission from the BCCI before taking part in the T20 league hence directly violating the BCCI rules and regulations. As per the BCCI norms, a player registered with the Board cannot play in any tournaments abroad without the Board’s permission. Mr. Rinku Singh therefore has been suspended with immediate effect for a period of three months starting June 1, 2019. Rinku Singh suspended by BCCI for three months. Rinku Singh played for Kolkata Knight Riders in 12th edition. Rinku has been removed from India A squad as well. highlights
“We did not only think about security of the athletes, but we are also preparing safety measures for all aspects related to the games… of course the main priority is security.”Police say they have been rounding up terror suspects and petty street criminals in a pre-Games crackdown — and even fatally shooting some who resisted arrest.Many Jakartans seem unaware that their city is hosting a major event though, with the promotion of the Games noticeably lacking.“What is it (the Asian Games)? I’m not too sure,” said Jakarta-based entrepreneur Widi Astari.Some who do know about the Games have complained about ticket prices, which range from about 50,000-300,000 rupiah ($3.5-$21) in a country where many live on a few dollars a day.“I think it will be great if the organizer provides tickets for the middle-lower class spectators because I think everybody wants to watch,” said Ari Fajar.About one quarter of the 40,000 tickets available for the opening ceremonies — the cheapest are 750,000 rupiah — were snapped up in first week of sale on June 30.While the Games may not be picture perfect, Jakartan Nia is betting that her country won’t embarrass itself.“At least the outside world will know Indonesia has tried its best,” she said. MOST READ This picture taken on July 12, 2018 shows people exercising in front of the Senayan sports complex in Jakarta.Asian Games venues will be ready before Indonesia hosts the showpiece event in a month, organizers say, but the threat of terror attacks and endless traffic jams still looms over the regional Olympics. / AFP PHOTO / ADEK BERRY / TO GO WITH Indonesia-Asiad2018,FOCUS by Kiki SIREGARAsian Games venues will be ready before Indonesia hosts the showpiece event in a month, organizers say, but the threat of terror attacks and endless traffic jams still looms over the regional olympics.An army of laborers has been toiling around the clock to finish building work, widen roads and plant trees in a breakneck bid to beautify Jakarta, a teeming metropolis that many visitors find tough to love.ADVERTISEMENT Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Trump assembles a made-for-TV impeachment defense team Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Anthony Joshua can’t escape talk of Deontay Wilder Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ The worst-case scenario remains New Delhi’s 2010 Commonwealth Games, where problems ranged from filthy conditions at the athletes’ village to collapsing infrastructure.Indonesia had problems with the 2011 Southeast Asian Games following corruption scandals and a deadly stampede at the football final.But the biggest headache at the Asian Games may be getting athletes to venues on time.Jakarta has some of the world’s worst traffic, forcing organizers to come up with drastic solutions.Athletes and officials will travel on dedicated road lanes while Jakarta has put an odd-even license plate system in place to limit congestion.Schools will also be closed to take the daily commute of millions of pupils out of the equation.Security fearsSecurity is another concern with the Games coming just a few months after terror attacks in Indonesia’s second-biggest city Surabaya killed a dozen people and reignited concerns about Islamist militants.Some 100,000 security staff will be deployed in Jakarta, Palembang and West Java, where several events are taking place.“All safety elements are already in place,” said national deputy police chief Syafruddin, who goes by one name. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Putin’s, Xi’s ruler-for-life moves pose challenges to West Lacson: Calamity fund cut; where did P4 billion go? LATEST STORIES “I think all the venues, from what I see… 95 percent should be finished by end of July,” chief organizer Erick Thohir, a media tycoon who is chairman of football club Inter Milan, said last week.Epic traffic jamsIndonesia started with less time than most countries. It agreed to host the Games when Vietnam pulled out, citing concerns over preparations and the heavy financial burden.And then Jakarta moved the Games forward by a year to 2018 to avoid a clash with national elections.But organizers insist it won’t be a repeat of the 2004 Athens Olympics when the main stadium was completed just weeks before the opening ceremony, or Brazil’s 2014 World Cup which went ahead in unfinished venues.ADVERTISEMENT Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding ‘High crimes and misdemeanors’: Trump impeachment trial begins Report: Disney dropping the ‘Fox’ from movie studio names Palace OKs total deployment ban on Kuwait OFWs The athletes’ village looks ready, but some competitors may need nose pegs — it backs out onto a toxic, foul-smelling river.Jakarta and Palembang in Sumatra are set to host about 11,000 athletes and 5,000 officials from 45 Asian countries for the August 18 to September 2 Games, the world’s biggest multi-sport event behind the Olympics.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’Apart from a still-unfinished squash complex, most venues appear nearly done.The Gelora Bung Karno main stadium, used when Indonesia last hosted the Games in 1962, has undergone a major renovation for the 30 trillion rupiah ($2 billion) event. 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