Load remaining images Last night, The Brooklyn Bowl went off, with L.A.’s Organ Freeman and Baltimore’s Pigeons Playing Ping Pong lighting up the infamous Brooklyn venue with each group’s patented brand of funk-jam fusion. You can get a taste of what went down below, with videos of Organ Freeman’s and Pigeons’ set-opening numbers below, courtesy of nugs.tv. You can also check out photos from the night, courtesy of John R Wisdom Photography.[Cover photo courtesy of Phierce Photo]Organ FreemanPigeons Playing Ping Pong
Printmaking was a new technology in the 16th century, and artists who created prints for scientific texts not only illustrated the books, they enabled scientific advances by helping early scientists to visualize findings in ways they hadn’t before, according to curators of a new exhibit sponsored by the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments.The exhibit, “Paper Worlds: Printing Knowledge in Early Modern Europe,” is on the second floor of the Science Center in the temporary exhibit space managed by the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments. It was created by 10 graduate students and a Harvard paper conservator studying the history of science and the history of art and architecture. It was the product of a graduate student seminar, “Prints and the Production of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe,” taught by Susan Dackerman, the Carl A. Weyerhaeuser Curator of Prints at the Harvard Art Museum, and by Katharine Park, the Samuel Zemurray Jr. and Doris Zemurray Stone Radcliffe Professor of the History of Science.Students who signed up for the class were involved in a semester-long exhibit-building exercise that included conducting background research, searching Harvard’s various museum collections for appropriate material, designing and building the exhibit itself, and even creating a 100-page catalog and accompanying Web material.Adam Jasienski, a graduate student in the history of art and architecture, said a major benefit of the class was being able to handle so much historical material that is studied in other classes, but that students rarely get to see.“I’m an early modernist, but we don’t have a class that gets you so close to these objects,” Jasienski said.Stephanie Dick, a graduate student in the history of science, agreed, saying that the course provided a hands-on lesson in material culture.“I find it interesting in the history of science, we are interested in material culture, but we rarely really deal with materials,” Dick said. “This class was an in-your-face experience in the materiality of materials.”The idea for the class grew out of a series of seminars on prints and knowledge that Dackerman and Park collaborated on over the past several years. It is an unusual collaboration, teaming up the seemingly disparate disciplines of art history and the history of science. But Dackerman and Park’s take on the importance of printmaking to early scientific efforts binds the two disciplines together.“Artists were already looking at natural objects and describing them in detail, but scholars weren’t,” Park said. “The visual skills of looking and seeing, which are part of the skill set of artists, began to be integrated into the skill set of doctors and medical professionals. Scientists became more interested in the details of scientific reality.”Robin Kelsey, the Shirley Carter Burden Professor of Photography and chair of the Harvard University Committee on the Arts, said that although there have been student-created exhibits at Harvard before, what’s special about the printmaking exhibit is that its creation was integrated into the course, as opposed to the individual student efforts that resulted in most prior student-created exhibitions.“To my mind, this is exemplary. It’s a terrific initiative and a great way to bring the collections and students together and produce new ways of thinking,” Kelsey said.Kelsey said he believes this sort of effort will be happening more because the University is committed to making its collections’ vast resources a more integral part of student education.Associate Provost for Arts and Culture Lori Gross echoed Kelsey’s comments, saying that better integrating the collections into Harvard’s educational mission is a key recommendation of the 2008 report of the Task Force on the Arts.“‘Paper Worlds’ is an eloquent manifestation of a key recommendation of the Task Force on the Arts,” Gross said. “By integrating Harvard’s vast collections with innovative courses, the power of these amazing resources can reverberate through faculty, museum curators, and students to enrich the University as a whole.”The exhibit, Dackerman said, is interdisciplinary, drawing on materials from several Harvard museums, including the Houghton Library, the Countway Library of Medicine, the Botany Libraries at the Harvard University Herbaria, the Harvard Art Museum, and the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments.“The students used the vast resources within the Harvard collections to create an interdisciplinary exhibition on how printmaking enabled the production of new knowledge in the fields of botany, anatomy, astronomy, cartography, [and others],” Dackerman said. “It allowed knowledge to be conceptualized in new ways. Printmakers’ roles were not merely that of illustrators, but as participants in the creation of knowledge in those proto-scientific fields.”The exhibit itself is organized around several themes: Thinking Visually, which emphasized the relationships between early modern theories of cognition and emotion; Animating Bodies, exploring how anatomical prints were used to produce knowledge of the body; Constructing Scale, illustrating that the prints often showed details and features beyond simple reflections of their subject matter; Printing Time, exploring engraved instruments such as sundials in relationship to printed images depicting the passage of time; and Making Prints, explaining the printmaking process itself.The exhibit features several notable pieces, including a 16th century botanical encyclopedia and the woodblock used to make its intricate prints, sundials and engravings, single-leaf sheets and book illustrations, as well as several scientific instruments.“Paper Worlds: Printing Knowledge in Early Modern Europe,” is on display through Aug. 27. The gallery is open from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., Mondays through Fridays.
A daily drink or two is good for your heart, studies have shown, but new findings introduce a caveat: a temporary increase in heart attack and stroke risk. A study by researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health shows that the ill effect dissipates within hours, yielding to benefits for moderate drinking. The work, led by instructor in epidemiology Elizabeth Mostofsky, analyzed the findings of a range of studies on alcohol and health conducted between 1966 and 2015.Published this month in the journal Circulation, the meta-analysis, or “study of studies,” also reinforced the harmful effects of heavy drinking. Mostofsky spoke with the Gazette about the study and its implications for healthy vs. unhealthy drinking habits.GAZETTE: What is the take-home message? Is it that alcohol isn’t as good for you as we thought — or is it that, like so many things, it’s complicated?MOSTOFSKY: I think it’s more that it’s complicated. Although there’s consistent evidence that habitual, moderate intake can be beneficial, there is some evidence that there may be a transiently higher risk immediately after drinking alcohol — even for smaller amounts. The complex physiological effects of alcohol result in both higher and lower cardiovascular risk depending on the amount consumed, drinking frequency, and the outcome under study.This is the first paper to synthesize all studies on the acute risk of heart attack and stroke in the hours, day, and week after drinking. Despite the differences in the study procedures, the populations, and the outcomes of interest in the included studies, there was consistent evidence that alcohol consumption was associated with an immediately higher cardiovascular risk that was attenuated after 24 hours. In fact, within a day, moderate alcohol intake was even protective for heart attacks and hemorrhagic strokes and protective against ischemic strokes within one week. In contrast, heavy alcohol drinking was associated with higher cardiovascular risk in the following day and week.Based on these results, it is possible that the brief risk is outweighed by the health benefits of regularly drinking moderate amounts of alcohol. Therefore, the take-home message is still the same. We cannot recommend you begin drinking, but, consistent with the American Heart Association’s recommendations, if you do drink, do so in moderation. That means no more than one drink per day for women and no more than two drinks per day for men, where a drink is defined as 12 ounces of beer, four ounces of wine, 1.5 ounces of 80-proof spirits, or one ounce of 100-proof spirits.GAZETTE: What happens if you’re following the guidelines and having one or two drinks, but doing so every day? Do the short-term negative effects — repeated daily — ever cancel out the longer-term beneficial effects?MOSTOFSKY: That’s a great question. Prior work by our co-authors showed that the health effects of alcohol intake depend on both the amount and the pattern of consumption. Heavy episodic drinking has harmful effects, even if individuals who binge only drink one or two days per week, resulting in the same average alcohol intake per week that is known to yield cardioprotective benefits. Among men, drinking a small amount of alcohol regularly — one to two drinks a day, four days a week — lowers cardiovascular risk more than drinking the same total weekly amount but on fewer days per week.Therefore, it is possible that over time, individuals who frequently drink small amounts of alcohol may experience a temporarily heightened risk, but this may be offset in part by the subsequent protective benefits in the hours after consumption. On the other hand, consuming large amounts of alcohol at once may result in both a sharply higher immediate risk and … a higher long-term risk.GAZETTE: So drinking small amounts daily reinforces the beneficial effects?MOSTOFSKY: Exactly. In our study on the acute effects of alcohol on the risk of heart attacks, we found that among participants who did not drink alcohol daily, there was a 3.3-fold higher risk of heart attacks in the hour after consumption, but the higher rate was not apparent for daily drinkers.This may be due to alcohol tolerance whereby habitual intake leads to up-regulation of enzymes that metabolize alcohol, resulting in a lower physiological response to each drink. Therefore, once again we see that the people who regularly drink small amounts of alcohol have a lower cardiovascular risk.GAZETTE: Let’s talk about the other half of this, the heavy drinkers. How does your study define heavy drinking, and what did you find specifically?MOSTOFSKY: In this study, heavy alcohol drinking — six to nine drinks in one day — was associated with a higher cardiovascular risk on the following day. And heavy drinking in one week, 19 to 30 drinks, has a harmful effect in both the immediate and in the subsequent week. So there seems to be no benefit to heavy drinking. We never get to a point where it garners any health benefits.GAZETTE: Can we quantify the increased risk?MOSTOFSKY: Sure, heavy alcohol drinking was associated with a 1.3- to 2.3-fold higher risk of heart attacks and strokes in the following day and a 2.2-fold to more than a sixfold higher risk in the following week. Keep in mind that our classification of heavy drinking is based on the amounts reported in the included studies and not intended for the purposes of guidelines. For men, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming 15 drinks or more per week. For women, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming eight drinks or more per week.GAZETTE: It sounds, for moderate drinking, as if you’ve found a new wrinkle, but for heavy drinkers, is this substantially different? Does it quantify what we already knew?MOSTOFSKY: Our results are consistent with prior research showing that moderate alcohol consumption has health benefits whereas heavy consumption is dangerous. What is novel here is that alcohol may have markedly different effects on immediate and long-term risk — you can have an acutely increased risk that becomes beneficial over time.
Collegiate jazz bands from across the nation will come together this weekend to perform in a non-competitive setting for Notre Dame’s 61st-annual Collegiate Jazz Festival (CJF). The festival is the oldest and most prestigious collegiate jazz festival in the nation and will feature a panel of world-class, professional jazz musicians to judge the competitors.This year, the festival will host bands from Roosevelt University, Drake University, Western Michigan University, University of Michigan, Columbia College and Notre Dame. Each band brings its own “individual characteristic style” to the festival, Larry Dwyer, director of jazz studies at Notre Dame, said.“Some of the bands play more contemporary jazz, some play jazz mixed with R&B. It’s all stuff that students would love hearing even if they don’t think they know anything about jazz,” Dwyer said.Beyond the collegiate jazz groups, Dwyer said he tried to bring in judges “who are not only world-class musicians, but who have worked with colleges before and are able to lead clinics and communicate verbally to our students.”This year, Dwyer said he worked on trying to include judges “who specialize in Latin jazz, as well as mainstream jazz.”The panel of judges includes Steve Turre on trombone, Ralph Moore on saxophone, Otmaro Ruiz on piano, Robert Hurst on bass and Ignacio Berroa on drums. The judges boast impressive resumes, with experience working on shows such as “The Tonight Show” and “Saturday Night Live” and with artists as acclaimed as Paul McCartney, Tito Puente and Barbara Streisand, among others, according to the festival press release.The Judge’s Jam on Friday gives the judges an opportunity to play a set on stage after an evening of collegiate performances.“Each year the judges bring something different to the table,” senior Patrick Falvey, marching band president and CJF committee member, said. “It’s inspiring to hear all these different experiences and perspectives on jazz music. I’ve picked up new drumming ideas and new techniques just from watching the Judge’s Jam alone.”Dwyer echoed Falvey and added that “They just do things on their instruments that you cannot believe.”Dwyer said “a big part” of what makes Notre Dame’s jazz festival unique is the fact that “CJF is student-run.”“At Notre Dame, it’s really about the music and the communication between these professionals and the college students who come to play,” he said. “It’s like music in a [purer] form than some of the professional festivals. It’s music without agents and corporate sponsors and all those other tie-ins that come with professional festivals. … It’s a great combination of a little bit of adult supervision and assistance combined with a lot of student input and energy and ideas.”This student involvement is another aspect of the festival that keeps bands and judges coming back year after year. This year marks a transitional year for CJF — in past years, the Student Union Board has taken on the weight of the planning and funding for the festival. However, the Notre Dame Band took up the planning for this year’s event.“[Notre Dame] has a lot of band students who are very interested in jazz, so it just seemed like the logical thing to incorporate them into the operation of it,” Dwyer said.Falvey said that both groups are “very organized,” making it a smooth planning process.“When you put those two together, it is a very easy process to get the festival up and running,” he said.The event gives students and the South Bend community the opportunity to learn more abut the band program at Notre Dame.“It’s not often that you can get a free ticket to see some of the best musicians in the world,” Falvey said. “Even if you don’t know a lot about jazz music, it’s amazing music and it’s fun to listen to.”The performances will be held Friday and Saturday at Washington Hall at 7 p.m. Tickets are selling at the door and at the LaFortune Student Center Box Office for $5 for one night and $8 for both. Tickets are free for Notre Dame, Saint Mary’s and Holy Cross students.Tags: Collegiate Jazz Festival, jazz music, Notre Dame Band
An innovative solar program recently established by Vermont is up for a national award.The Excellence in Renewable Energy Awards, hosted by Renewable Energy World, has selected Vermont’s registration program for small solar systems as a finalist for its Readers Choice Award.Online voting is open through January 20 and is open to the public.The winner will be announced in Long Beach, California in mid-February.‘Given the national interest in Vermont’s innovative program, we think there’s a real shot we could capture the Readers Choice. We hope Vermonters and folks throughout the industry will weigh in and vote,’ said Andrew Savage of AllEarth Renewables in Williston. ‘Many Vermonters familiar with the solar industry are eager to see our state be a national model for cutting installation costs, making solar more affordable and accessible to homeowners.’With Vermont’s newly implemented law, small solar systems now have a simple pre-determined process that reduces paperwork and uncertainty and means they can be installed after just 10 days. The new process replaces all permitting for ground or roof-mounted solar systems 5kW and smaller with a single basic registration form outlining the system components, configuration, and compliance with interconnection requirements.”As a local installer, this new registration process is enormously helpful. This speeds up the installation process allowing us to avoid wasting time with costly delays for small installations,” said Rich Nicol, of Solartech, an installer in northeastern Vermont.A recent study earlier this year by SunRun, a leading national provider of residential solar systems, found that permitting adds an average cost of $2,500 to each solar installation and that streamlining the often-cumbersome processes would provide a $1 billion no-cost stimulus to the solar industry over the next five years.The report finds that the additional installation cost’ $.50 per watt’ is due to wide permitting variations not connected to safety, excessive fees, and an unnecessarily slow process. The report cites that Germany has a 40 percent advantage over the United States in installation price.Vermont’s new registration process, which is free, went into effect at the end of last year. The legislation,which became Act 47 and was signed into law May 25, 2011, received strong bipartisan support.‘We think the Vermont registration process could be a real model to follow nationally,’ said Jurgen Krehnke, president and general manager of SMA America. ‘Reducing the time and resources that go into solar installations is right in line with the DOE’s SunShot initiative and is critical to increasing PV adoption.’Williston, Vermont January 16, 2012
The Blue Ridge Parkway has drawn visitors to the mountains since construction began under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Now, after nearly 80 years, conflicting visions for the route’s future have sparked debate over how generations to come will enjoy the country’s most visited national park unit.Last fall, the National Park Service released a draft of the general management plan that will guide the parkway for the next 25 years. The draft outlined three different options for the parkway’s future – two that would change management practices and one that wouldn’t.The park service’s preferred option describes the parkway as a “traditional, self-contained scenic recreational driving experience.” It also seeks to enhance connections with surrounding communities and expand outdoor activities.“The preferred alternative focuses on managing the parkway as it has always been managed,” said Blue Ridge Parkway Community Planner Dawn Godwin. “It allows for some changes, but there won’t be any wholesale change in the parkway.”But some outdoor enthusiasts and residents who want the parkway to embrace more human-powered activities and connections with local communities say the park service’s preferred option is the wrong choice.Cycling was the most contentious issue, Godwin said.The Virginia Bicycling Federation argued that “motorized vehicles should not be the only way promoted to experience the Blue Ridge Parkway.” They urged citizens to ask the parkway to “promote bicycling, walking and other non-motorized forms of transportation as an integral part of the Parkway’s mission.”The park service has been responsive to community comments, Godwin said. “We decided…to make sure the plan is clear we won’t prohibit uses that currently exist.”The management plan also allows for developing new trails and connecting old ones to communities along the parkway, Godwin said.Some parkway enthusiasts worry that rising gas prices and waning youth interest could relegate the parkway to a relic enjoyed only by elderly vacationers.Visitors to the parkway have dropped by one-third in the past decade, down to 15.3 million last year. Only 12 percent of last year’s parkway visitors were children.“The sun may be setting on the driving experience as recreation,” said Anne Whisnant, author of Super Scenic Motorway: A Blue Ridge Park History. Instead of driving, Whisnant said, the park should emphasize connections with towns and outdoor opportunity.But Blue Ridge Parkway Superintendent Phil Francis said he thinks these challenges can be met.“If the economy does well and people are able to earn a respectable living, I don’t know how much of an effect gas prices will have on tourism,” Francis said.The parkway is a relatively cheap vacation. The park doesn’t charge a fee for use. According to Francis, the biggest challenge is continuing to care for resources along the parkway despite a declining staff and budget.“Partner groups and local communities are essential to the parkway’s future,” he said.
Value. It is what drives us all. One way or another, we work, we play, we love, and it all happens because of what we choose to value.Over spring break, I took some time to roam out into the woods, to spend 12 hours with no electronic devices. The stress and hustle of everyday life sometimes makes me feel like I’m just running forward with blinders on but my time unplugged was a breath of fresh air. I’m just going to share my story of this solo trip and let the value of it be up to you.Entering the WildAfter work one day, I went straight to one of my favorite spots on the Little River. Pushing off from shore and paddling away from the boat ramp, I could feel the hypnosis of the electric world fade. A cool breeze hit me from the front and it was like I had just passed through a gateway into another world.Some cold spring water ran down my paddle and onto my hand. The cold of it was refreshing and raw as I entered the wild. After an hour of easy paddling I reached my destination — I was spending the night on the banks of the river right on the inside of a bend. I took my first step out of my kayak and had my foot sink down into the wet sand on the shoreline. I couldn’t waste much time enjoying the small lichen-covered cliffs across the river and the smell of the crisp water — I had to start collecting some firewood for the night. I chose to really go for the no electricity thing and left my headlamp in the car. I was able to set up my campsite just in time to sit my butt down on an old log and listen to a Barred Owl deeply beckon the fall of darkness. His calls gave me such a startling feeling, just being a lone traveler venturing out for a night. A feeling I find myself chasing often, it satisfies my thirst for adventure. I brought along a pack of hot dogs and cooked them over the fire, no buns, no ketchup. I’m a fan of eating them right off the stick — they taste better that way with the smoke still on them right out of the fire.As I headed in to my tent, some bullfrogs began to talk about their day in the reeds along the shore. They certainly were a boisterous crowd but I enjoyed their company and they seemed to be having a good time too. My sleeping bag was warm and I really enjoyed the sounds of the river pushing along and the smell of a just distinguished campfire. In the morning, I woke up to the sound of some crows, likely hollering about how nice the sunrise was. I got out of my tent and saw that they were right! The red on the horizon was really a beautiful sight and I felt like I had spent this night plugging in my spirit of adventure, rather than unplugging from technology.As I hopped in my kayak I spotted a big beaver swimming towards me. What an interesting creature, taking all its time to work on making the environment work in his favor just like us, but the most interesting thing was that he didn’t seem to need to hurry one bit to do it. I felt recharged as I took a sip of the cool water from my canteen and leaned back on my small seat. I had plenty of time before I had to be anywhere back in “real life” and decided to let the rivers current take me back to my car.
By Dialogo May 13, 2010 High Speed Vessel Swift (HSV 2) arrived in Port Antonio Jamaica, May 8, 2010, to kick off Southern Partnership Station (SPS) 2010. SPS is a recurring deployment of various specialty platforms to the Caribbean and Latin America, with the primary goal of information sharing with navies, coast guards, and civilian services throughout the region. “We share common interests and participation in multinational maritime partnership missions like this one,” said Capt. Kurt Hedberg, mission commander for SPS 2010. “It’s an opportunity for us to foster friendly, mutual cooperation and understanding by coming together to enhance regional maritime security.” While deployed in support of SPS 2010, Swift will visit various countries in the Caribbean island nations, Central and South America over the upcoming months. During the ship’s stay in Jamaica, the crew will meet with the regions civil and maritime services. “The U.S. Navy and USSOUTHCOM are committed to this type of lasting partnership,” said Hedberg. “SPS will give all of us a chance to exchange ideas and mission-focused knowledge and expertise to improve capabilities in key mission areas. Only by communicating and working together can we hope to have the relationships we need in the event of a crisis which requires a multinational effort.” Some of the topics of discussion during the visit are port security, non-commissioned officer professional development, operational risk management, medical readiness, and outboard motor maintenance and patrol craft operation. The U.S. Marine Corps also has an eight-man mobile training team on board Swift to participate in the exchanges. The team will provide instruction in martial arts, non-lethal weapons, and military operations in urban terrain, check-point security, marksmanship and small unit tactics.” This is the fourth SPS deployment in the region and the vision is to continue this effort to maintain a persistent presence in the region as a way to further enhance strong relationships. The ship’s crew is operated and navigated by 17 civilian contract mariners working for a private company under charter to the U.S. Navy’s Military Sealift Command. The ship is scheduled to return to the United States in early October 2010.
In order to finance security at its airports and other border posts, both maritime and on land, Honduras will collect a new tax from travelers who enter and leave the Central American country, with proceeds of approximately 270 million dollars over ten years in the case of the air terminals alone. The Interior and Population Secretariat signed a 10-year contract with the U.S. firm Securiport to set up an advanced biometric registry of travelers, from whom it will collect 17 dollars upon entry and another 17 dollars upon departure from the nation. Honduran Interior Minister Áfrico Madrid justified the new fee as an additional measure to guarantee national security. “It’s a matter of preventing the entry of individuals involved in organized crime, terrorists, drug traffickers, kidnappers, hitmen, arms traffickers, and money launderers who use our country as a center of operations due to the lack of scientific mechanisms of immigration control,” he argued. The contract, approved on December 14, will go into effect once it is published in the official daily La Gaceta, and the charge will be applied 120 days after that publication. By Dialogo January 18, 2012
By U.S. Coast Guard 7th District Public Affairs June 24, 2020 The U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Vigilant (WMEC-617) crew seized a total of 122 bales of cocaine, June 22, in back-to-back interdictions of go-fast vessels just off the coast of Limon, Costa Rica.The forward-deployed Coast Guard MH-65 Dolphin helicopter crew aboard the Vigilant successfully disabled the first go-fast vessel and observed the crew throwing packages overboard.Once on scene, the boarding team discovered four people aboard and recovered 77 bales or approximately over 1,900 kilograms of cocaine from the water. Immediately following the first interdiction, the helicopter crew and a separate cutter boarding team were vectored to a 34-foot go-fast vessel with five people aboard.The helicopter crew successfully disabled the second go-fast vessel and also observed the crew throwing packages overboard. The Vigilant boarding team arrived on scene, apprehended five people and recovered 45 bales or approximately 1,179 kilograms of cocaine from the water.The cocaine recovered during both interdictions has an estimated wholesale value of approximately $118.3 million.“Every high-speed interdiction of drug-laden vessels presents unique challenges, so for us to simultaneously interdict two overpowered go-fast vessels in the middle of the night is extraordinary,” said U.S. Coast Guard Commander Fred Bertsch, commanding officer of the Vigilant. “I am very proud of our crew and could not have asked anything more from them. These efforts, combined with those of our partner agencies and nations, will help ensure stability in the Western Hemisphere.”On April 1, U.S. Southern Command began enhanced counternarcotics operations in the Western Hemisphere to disrupt the flow of drugs in support of Presidential National Security Objectives. Numerous U.S. agencies from the departments of Defense, Justice, and Homeland Security cooperated in the effort to combat transnational organized crime.The Coast Guard, Navy, Customs and Border Protection, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Drug Enforcement Administration, and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, along with allied and international partner agencies, play a role in counter-drug operations.