Intradermal shots could stretch flu vaccine supply

first_imgNov 4, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – Two studies just published by the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) suggest that injecting influenza vaccine just beneath the skin surface, instead of into muscle, may be a way to stretch flu vaccine supplies without sacrificing protection.In one study, young adults who received one fifth of the standard vaccine dose in an intradermal shot showed at least as strong an immune response as others who received full-dose intramuscular shots.In the second study, intradermal vaccination with 40% of a standard dose worked just as well as a standard intramuscular dose in adults aged 18 to 60. However, older adults showed a somewhat less vigorous response to the reduced intradermal dose.”In times of shortage such as the present, intradermal vaccination of healthy young persons with reduced-dose inactivated influenza vaccine could be considered in order to stretch vaccine supplies,” write Robert Belshe, MD, and colleagues, authors of the second study. NEJM published both studies online as early-release articles.Intradermal vaccination involves inserting a needle 1 to 2 mm into the skin, according to the two reports. The method has been used with some success for hepatitis B and rabies vaccinations, but it is not approved for flu vaccination in the United States.The study using young adults was conducted by a Gaithersburg, Md., company called Iomai, which is developing vaccine skin patches. Richard T. Kenney, MD, and colleagues recruited 100 healthy adults ranging from 18 to 40 years old and randomly assigned them to receive either a standard intramuscular dose of trivalent flu vaccine (15 micrograms [mcg] of hemagglutinin per strain) or a single intradermal dose at about 20% strength (3 mcg of hemagglutinin per strain).As measured by increases in hemagglutination-inhibition titers 21 days after vaccination, the immune response in the intradermal group was similar to or better than that in the intramuscular group, the report says. Those who received intradermal shots had more local reactions to the vaccine, but the reactions were mild and transient.The authors write that using reduced-dose intradmeral shots “is particularly appealing, because standard tuberculin syringes and needles can be used with multidose vials of influenza [vaccine] to increase the supply of influenza vaccine by a factor about five.” But they add that further studies are needed to show the “wide-ranging relevance” of the technique.In the other study, researchers from Saint Louis University, the University of Rochester, and GlaxoSmithKline assigned two groups of 119 people each to receive trivalent flu vaccine by intradermal or intramuscular injection. The intradermal shots contained 6 mcg of hemagglutinin for each strain, while the intramuscular shot contained the standard dose of 15 mcg for each strain. Each group was divided into younger and older subgroups—18 to 60 years and older than 60.In the younger people, the two injection methods both yielded serum antibody responses that were “vigorous” and not significantly different. The older subgroups also had a strong antibody response to both types of vaccination, but the response was somewhat better in those who received intramuscular shots. However, the difference was significant only for one of the three viral strains in the vaccine (H3N2).As in the other study, local reactions to the injections were more common among the intradermal group than the intramuscular group, but they were mostly mild.The authors suggest that the intradermal injections could be used for younger members of two of the groups assigned priority for flu vaccine in the current shortage: healthcare workers and close contacts of infants younger than 6 months. The researchers add that the intradermal technique is harder to learn than the standard technique, but vaccinators would be likely to use the method effectively after training.The two reports are hailed as significant in an accompanying editorial by the late John R. La Montagne, PhD, and Anthony S. Fauci, MD, of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). “Both of the current studies clearly show that intradermal vaccination may have greater immunogenicity than intramuscular vaccination,” they write. (La Montagne, who was deputy director of the NIAID, died suddenly this week.)On the basis of the two new studies and previous reports on intradermal immunization, “It is becoming clear that use of the intradermal route may at least partially overcome the relatively poor influenza-specific immune responses seen in certain at-risk populations, particularly the elderly,” La Montagne and Fauci write. They call for clinical trials in “a broad range of populations” to pave the way for approval of intradermal vaccination for flu.Kenney RT, Frech SA, Muenza LR, et al. Dose sparing with intradermal injection of influenza vaccine. N Engl J Med 2004;351(22) (published online Nov 3) [Full text]Belshe RB, Newman FK, Cannon J, et al. Serum antibody responses after intradermal vaccination against influenza. N Engl J Med 2004;351(22) (published online Nov 3) [Full text]last_img read more

HHS to buy two anthrax drugs for testing

first_imgOct 6, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – Recent US government contracts to test two experimental anthrax drugs could lead to the purchase of up to 100,000 doses of each.Cangene, based in Winnipeg, Man., has received a contract from the Office of Public Health Emergency Preparedness in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to supply its anthrax immune globulin (AIG) for preliminary efficacy testing, according to a company news release. The company describes AIG as a hyperimmune product for treating or preventing inhalational anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis.HHS has the next year to decide whether to purchase from 10,000 to 100,000 doses of AIG over three years. If that happens, Cangene must seek Food and Drug Administration approval of the product.HHS has awarded a similar contract to Human Genome Sciences Inc. (HGS) of Rockville, Md. In the first phase of the contract, worth $1.8 million, the company will sell the government 10 grams of ABthrax, a human monoclonal antibody for treating anthrax, the company announced on Oct 3. The government then will have the option to buy up to 100,000 doses of the product within a year.B anthracis is considered a category A bioweapon. Four years ago this month, soon after the Sep 11 attacks, anthrax spores sent through the US mail caused a series of anthrax cases that eventually totaled 22 (11 cutaneous and 11 inhalational). Five patients with inhalational anthrax died. The case has never been solved.See also: CIDRAP anthrax overviewhttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/bt/anthrax/biofacts/index.htmllast_img read more

Flu immunizations for children will pose big challenge

first_imgMar 5, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Starting next fall, how will the healthcare system get influenza vaccine into the arms (or noses) of tens of millions of additional children each year, given that the vaccination season is limited and many children don’t have regular medical checkups?That’s probably the central—though not the only—question raised by last week’s recommendation by the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) to vaccinate all school-aged children against influenza.”I think it will be difficult,” said Deborah Wexler, MD, executive director of the Immunization Action Coalition, a St. Paul–based nonprofit group that campaigned for the ACIP recommendation.Until now, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which is advised by the ACIP, recommended flu vaccination for children from 6 through 59 months old. The new ACIP recommendation expands the target groups to include children from ages 5 through 18 years. That adds about 30 million children to the groups targeted for flu shots, the CDC estimates.The advisory group endorsed the change on the grounds that it will reduce flu and related medical needs in children and may limit spread of the disease in the community. In a nod to uncertainties about the adequacy of the vaccine supply next fall and winter, the CDC said the recommendation “is to take effect as soon as feasible, but no later than the 2009-2010 influenza season.”Immunization advocates and primary care physician groups say it will be a challenge to immunize millions more children, because many of them rarely visit a doctor and because the timing of flu vaccination season doesn’t mesh well with the timing of routine checkups for the children that do have them. Some experts say vaccines will have to be offered in settings other than physicians’ offices.In addition, one primary care group, the American Academy of Family Physicians, worries that providers may not have enough vaccine next season and has questions about the cost-effectiveness of the new policy.How much of a demand surge?Although an additional 30 million children are now advised to get flu shuts, the CDC expects only a fraction of that number will seek vaccination next season. “It takes a while for uptake to reach levels we’d like, but based on experience with childhood vaccines, we estimate about 7 million [more] doses will be used next year,” said Curtis Allen, a spokesman for the CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).Allen said vaccine company representatives who were at the ACIP meeting all promised to do “everything possible” to produce adequate supplies for next season. He said their major concern was their ability to change all three flu strains in the vaccine, as recommended recently by the World Health Organization in light of suboptimal matches between this year’s vaccine and the viral strains in circulation.Even assuming the doses are available, Allen acknowledged that immunizing 7 million additional children will be a challenge. “One reason is that vaccine typically reaches the market in late September or early October. Most children start school earlier, and many will have visited their pediatrician or family physician in August,” he said.Allen added that children and adolescents are “notoriously difficult to reach in that, once a child reaches a certain age, they rarely see a physician unless they’re sick. So this is a whole new cohort we’ll have to reach with information about the importance of flu vaccination.”Lance Rodewald, MD, head of the immunization services division in the NCIRD, said the need for flu immunization might be seen as a tool to push for annual medical exams for children. But that may not be practical, because the flu immunization season runs only about 3 to 4 months. “For pediatricians to see all their patients once a year, they are going to have to be scheduled throughout the year,” he said.Alternative vaccination venues”Pediatricians and family physicians are probably going to do a fair amount of vaccination, but this would really stress the office capacity to vaccinate everyone in this narrow time frame,” Rodewald said. “Probably a lot of the adolescents and school children will have to get their vaccines at places other than a provider office.”One way pediatricians might meet an increased demand for flu shots would be to offer special Saturday or evening clinics where children would be immunized without undergoing a full medical checkup, Rodewald suggested.Another possible option is school-based immunization, a topic that was discussed at the ACIP meeting, he said. Schools, like medical clinics, face limitations because many of them no longer have a staff nurse, but they could work with public health agencies or other partners to vaccinate students, he said.”We’re looking for sustainable methods to use schools and community vaccinators to partner together to reach schoolchildren, because it’s a promising working venue,” Rodewald commented.The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which supported the ACIP recommendation, is open to the idea of children receiving flu shots elsewhere than their regular clinic if need be, said Henry Bernstein, DO, a member of the AAP’s Committee on Infectious Diseases and chief of general academic pediatrics at the Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth in Lebanon, N.H.”Certainly the AAP supports the concept of a medical home, so we’d like children to be immunized in their medical home,” he said. “But if there are other opportunities or places for people to get flu vaccine in a given season, that’s good. What’s critically important is that if they get it outside their medical home, it gets into their medical record with their primary care provider.”Bernstein said pediatricians feel there is “huge value” in expanding the flu immunization to all children. “But everyone is certainly aware of the fact that implementation and logistics need to be closely examined to really make this happen,” he added.AAFP leader concernedJim King, MD, president of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), voiced concern about the cost-effectiveness of the ACIP recommendation and its possible impact on family physicians next season.King, who practices in Selmer, Tenn., said the AAFP has long recommended voluntary flu shots for children older than 6 months. However, he said, “It’s already past the point for physicians to order flu vaccine [for next fall], so getting the amount of vaccine is going to be difficult for most family physician offices.”Commenting that about 76 million children nationwide will now be covered by flu vaccination recommendations, King said manufacturers may not be able to make enough vaccine to meet the increased demand.”Are we going to do this on an annual basis, and how much money is this going to cost the healthcare system?” he said. “We haven’t seen the outcome data to show that it’s cost-effective for us to do this.” He added that he has seen many patients this year who contracted flu even though they had been vaccinated.King said he also expects some parental concerns about the cost of immunization and whether insurance will cover it, though he doesn’t expect a big backlash so long as the vaccination is not required.He said the AAFP would reexamine its policy on flu immunizations for children in light of the ACIP recommendation.Modest expectationsWexler, of the Immunization Action Coalition, counseled modest expectations about the early impact of the ACIP recommendation.”I don’t think we should expect that we’re going to be reaching the kinds of rates we achieve with other vaccines, because there’s no catch-up period—this is a year-after-year thing. It’s going to be different,” she said. “I think the goal is to do the best you can and every year you do a little better.””We’re never going to achieve 90% [coverage], and I don’t think we should expect to,” she said, adding, “We have to think about alternate venues, not just the practitioner’s office.”Wexler said anti-vaccine groups have already begun expressing opposition to the new recommendation. “I think because flu vaccine is the only one other than Japanese encephalitis that has some thimerosal [a mercury compound] in it, that’s a big issue for anti-vacciners. This has been going on for many years now, and I don’t’ know that it’s going to be any more difficult than it’s already been.”She said she doesn’t expect much opposition from parents—”not with children dying of influenza. Parents want to protect their children, and they hear the stories, and they mostly trust their physicians.”Wexler also said the effort to immunize more children offers a good opportunity to prepare for a flu pandemic—a view also voiced by Bernstein. “How do we mobilize, how do we reach the most people in the least time?” she said. “It’s going to be a learning curve, but it’s not too soon to start.”Numerical perspectivesBernstein said that, while the move to immunize school children is a major step, it doesn’t add as many children to the target groups as may appear at first glance.”Medically I think this is an important step to take; it really adds a number of children to the ranks,” he said. “But to be perfectly honest, essentially half of them should already be getting the flu vaccine every year, because 10% of them have conditions that warrant it, and another 40% of them are household contacts of someone who would not do well if flu was brought into the home.” The CDC currently recommends flu immunization for close contacts of people at risk for serious complications of flu.Wexler observed that the ACIP recommendation pushes the country closer to embracing universal flu vaccination. Previously, flu immunization recommendations covered groups constituting about 74% of the US population, she said. Now, “it’s probably up to 90%, or at least up to 85%.”In light of those numbers, she said, “I think it would be better to recommend vaccination for everyone. It’s much simpler. . . . It’s going to save clinicians a lot of time, instead of having to wade through and figure out who’s supposed to be vaccinated. It’ll be much easier for [insurance] coverage to be ascertained. . . . And I think it’ll reduce influenza in circulation.”See also: Feb 27 CIDRAP News story “ACIP recommends flu shots for all school children”last_img read more

Update on the latest in sports:

first_imgThe person spoke to The AP on condition of anonymity Tuesday night because the roster deadline had not been officially announced.The league and the players’ union are still working out many details of how often players will get paid and how much. Those negotiations largely depend on the length and start date of the season.Players who are waived over the next week won’t get paid, but they will receive benefits through June 30, the person told The AP. The WNBA offered rookies health benefits starting May 1. Veteran players receive year-round benefits.Teams usually have to cut their rosters down to 12 before the regular season begins, which would have been this past weekend. The league postponed the start of the season in early April because of the coronavirus pandemic.VIRUS OUTBREAK-NHL HORSE RACING-BELMONT STAKESBelmont to be run on June 20ELMONT, N.Y. (AP) — The Belmont Stakes will be run June 20 on Long Island in front of no fans as the first leg of horse racing’s Triple Crown.This is the first year the Belmont will take place before the Kentucky Derby and Preakness. The New York Racing Association unveiled the new Belmont date Tuesday morning. The Derby was moved to Sept. 5 and the Preakness to Oct. 3.The rescheduled Belmont will be contested at distance of a mile and an eighth instead of the race’s trademark mile and a half that has been in place since 1926.  Former WWE pro Shad Gaspard missing in ocean off CaliforniaLOS ANGELES (AP) — Former World Wrestling Entertainment pro Shad Gaspard was still missing Tuesday after he was swept out to sea in Southern California last weekend while swimming with his young son.Gaspard’s 10-year-old son, Aryeh, was rescued and several other swimmers made it out of the water safely after they were caught in a rip current Sunday afternoon at Venice Beach in Los Angeles. A police statement says a lifeguard saw a wave crash over Gaspard and he was swept out to sea. Gaspard, who was 39, was about 50 yards (shore when he was last spotted.Gaspard gained prominence in the WWE as one half of the tag-team group Cryme Time, along with his partner, JTG.After retiring from the WWE in 2010, Gaspard has had small roles on TV and in movies, including the 2015 Kevin Hart comedy “Get Hard.” Associated Press Commissioner Roger Goodell gave the 32 clubs the go-ahead for limited reopenings on Tuesday as long as state and local municipalities allow them.Coaching staffs and all players except those undergoing injury rehabilitation are barred from the facilities in the first phase of the league’s plan.With such states as California, New York, New Jersey, Washington and Virginia still under heavy restrictions, that immediately leaves nine franchises unable to use their facilities. The Las Vegas Raiders still have their training complex in Alameda, California. In other NFL news:—Cleveland Browns center JC Tretter isn’t willing to guess what the NFL might look like when its back on the field. The new NFL Players Association president said he’s focused on player safety as the league cautiously heads toward normalcy in the COVID-19 pandemic. Tretter doesn’t know when players will be allowed to return to training facilities that began opening around the league. — The San Francisco 49ers are encouraged by how productive their virtual offseason has been amid the COVID-19 pandemic. But they are even more hopeful of getting back on the field for training camp in July after California Gov. Gavin Newsom said sports could resume under some restrictions if the state continues to make progress.—Changes designed to enhance opportunities for minorities to get executive, head coaching and coordinator positions were passed by NFL owners. They include addendums to the Rooney Rule, which has fallen short in its goal of increasing diversity in the league. All clubs will now be required to interview at least two minority candidates from outside the organization for head coach vacancies.NFL-BRADY WORKOUTBrady gathers new Bucs teammates for workout on prep fieldTAMPA, Fla. (AP) — Tom Brady isn’t letting the coronavirus pandemic —or NFL rules against players working out at team facilities — keep him from preparing for a new season with his new Tampa Bay team. WASHINGTON (AP) — The Washington Nationals will unveil their World Series championship rings during a “virtual” ceremony shown on television and online Sunday — an unprecedented approach brought about by the coronavirus pandemic.With the start of the Major League Baseball season on hold because of the COVID-19 outbreak, Nationals owner Mark Lerner said he hopes the plan to show off the team’s hardware would provide “a moment of joy in these uncertain times.”Teams typically unveil their title rings at a home stadium packed with fans. The ring ceremony will be shown on MASN, MLB Network and online.In other MLB developments:—The Los Angeles Angels will implement furloughs across their organization starting June 1. Furloughs will impact employees across the front office, scouting department and minor league system. The Angels had already pledged to pay their employees through May. Furloughed employees will keep their medical benefits for the rest of the year or until Oct. 31, depending on their contracts. Brady gathered some of his new Buccaneers teammates on a high school field for a throwing session early Tuesday. Brady wore a Buccaneers helmet and an orange jersey over his shoulder pads.The informal, players-only workout lasted two hours, according to The Tampa Bay Times.Because of the pandemic, any gathering of players is notable — especially one involving Brady. The six-time Super Bowl champion with the New England Patriots signed a two-year, $50 million contract with the Bucs in March.MLB-VIRUS OUTBREAK-NATIONALS RINGSAn unusual ring to it: Nats opt for virtual Series ceremony Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditNFL-REOPENING FACILITIESSome NFL teams reopening training facilitiesUNDATED (AP) — A limited number of NFL teams are reopening their training facilities, while many are prohibited by government restrictions during the coronavirus pandemic. Bogdanović was averaging 20.2 points, 4.1 rebounds and 2.1 assists in his first season with the Jazz. He also was playing a career-best 33.1 minutes per game.The 31-year-old Bogdanović signed a four-year, $73 million contract with Utah last summer.WNBA-ROSTER SIZEAP source: WNBA teams to cut rosters down to 12 by May 26NEW YORK (AP) — WNBA teams will have to get their rosters down to 12 by May 26 so players can get paid starting June 1, a person familiar with the situation told The Associated Press.center_img SOCCER-PREMIER LEAGUE RESTARTSix virus infections found in Premier LeagueMANCHESTER, England (AP) — The English Premier League’s first wave of mass coronavirus testing of players and staff found six people infected at three of the 20 soccer teams.Socially distant training sessions can begin, without the involvement of the six people with COVID-19 who have to self-isolate for seven days.The league is not identifying whether players or coaches tested positive from the tests on 748 people on Sunday and Monday. Update on the latest in sports: UNDATED (AP) — The NHL is still more than a week away from determining a return-to-play format. That word comes from a person familiar with discussions.And what that plan resembles could be complicated further should the U.S. and Canada extend border restrictions to non-essential travel into July. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced border restrictions will stay in effect through June 21.NHL Deputy Commissioner Bill Daly tells The Associated Press he’s hopeful the decision to close the border to non-essential travel for another month won’t “have a material impact” on the league’s discussions to restart its season.In a separate development, the NHL Players’ Association executive board voted to defer the final payment of players’ regular season salaries through the end of May. Players were owed their final checks on April 15.OCEAN SEARCH-MISSING WRESTLER —The Texas Rangers would prefer to stay home in their new ballpark whenever it is time to get back to spring training. They still haven’t played a game, or even had an organized workout, in their $1.2 billion stadium with a retractable roof. Spring training has been on hold more than two months ago because of the coronavirus pandemic. That has also delayed the start of the regular season. NBA-JAZZ-BOGDANOVIC SURGERYJazz forward Bojan Bogdanović undergoes right wrist surgerySALT LAKE CITY (AP) — The Utah Jazz have announced that forward Bojan Bogdanović underwent surgery to repair a ruptured ligament in his right wrist.The procedure was performed Tuesday by orthopedic surgeon Dr. Michelle Carlson at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. There’s no timetable for Bogdanović’s return. The team said in a release that he will begin rehabilitation “at the appropriate time.” The NBA season remains on hold due to the coronavirus pandemic. Burmeister, who coached UTSA to NCAA tourney, dies at 72CHICAGO (AP) — Ken Burmeister, a college basketball coach for 21 seasons who took Texas-San Antonio to the NCAA Tournament and later guided Loyola of Chicago, died Tuesday. He was 72.Loyola said Burmeister died following a bout with cancer.Burmeister posted 72 wins at Texas-San Antonio from 1986-90. He led the Roadrunners to their first appearance in the NCAA Tournament, where they lost to Illinois in 1988.Burmeister took over at Loyola in 1994 after working as an assistant at nearby DePaul and went 40-71 over four seasons. He was the Ramblers’ coach when they moved into Gentile Arena on campus in 1996. May 19, 2020 In other sports-related coronavirus developments:—Major League Soccer’s All-Star Game has been canceled for the first time in its quarter-century history because of the coronavirus pandemic. MLS All-Stars had been scheduled to play counterparts from Mexico’s Liga MX on July 29 at Banc of California Stadium in Los Angeles. MLS says the 2021 game will take place at Banc of California Stadium, most likely against All-Stars from Liga MX.— Boston Mayor Marty Walsh says the city is talking with the organizers of the Boston Marathon about what to do if the coronavirus pandemic hasn’t let up by the race’s proposed new date of Sept. 14. The mayor said on Tuesday that the decision to reschedule the marathon from April to September was made with the hope that the disease “would no longer be a significant public health risk.”— South Carolina’s highest paid head coaches are taking 10% salary cuts amid the coronavirus pandemic. Football coach Will Muschamp, men’s basketball coach Frank Martin and women’s basketball coach Dawn Staley are taking the cuts. The university also said Tuesday that school president Robert Caslen and athletic director Ray Tanner are among the top-level administrators taking the 10% cut.OBIT-BURMEISTER Following his time at Loyola, he went on to coach for a season at Trinity University in San Antonio and at Incarnate Word for 12 years.,Tampa Bay Lightning advance to face Dallas Stars in Stanley Cup finals, beating New York Islanders 2-1 in OT in Game 6last_img read more

New GE program to begin

first_imgUSC’s changes to the general education requirements will take effect starting with this year’s incoming freshman class.These changes will not affect students enrolled in the University before the Fall 2015 semester, or incoming transfer students.Originally, a request to review and revise  the general education requirements  came from the office of former Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs Elizabeth Garrett. Over the course of three years, a number of faculty committees convened to outline a rough proposal for the new model that was then passed, allowing for the process of implementation to begin.Dr. Richard Fliegel, associate dean for Undergraduate Programs, said, that though the past general education model was good, curriculums are never fully static and updates and revisions are made from time to time.“It was not a result of dissatisfaction with the previous program,” Fliegel said. “That program was not only considered very successful at USC, but it was lauded by other institutions as well, as a model.”While slight changes have been made to the categories from the 1996-2014 model, including the addition of quantitative reasoning, the actual course material will remain similar.The new classes in the “Core Literacies” category will be: “The Arts,” “Humanistic Inquiry,” “Social Analysis,” “Life Sciences,” “Physical Sciences” and “Quantitative Reasoning.”New students will now be required to take two additional general education classes: “Citizenship in the Global Era” and “Traditions and Historical Foundations.”The diversity requirement used in the old core curriculum will now be a “Global Perspectives” category. The category’s classes will deal with the same issues and inquiries as the diversity requirement but through a wider scope.“Traditions and Historical Foundations” will provide foundational context by examining societal development. Working in tandem, “Citizenship in the Global Era” will explore contemporary social, political, economic and cultural issues outside of the United States in an effort to cultivate a coherent understanding of globalization. Both courses do not require taking additional classes. Rather than adding courses to students workloads, GE’s will have designated tags indicating that global perspectives requirements can be met by passing these courses.Daniel Newman, a freshman majoring in real estate development, said the new update will make students even more well rounded.“I think it’s really a great thing for all of us students, because it makes us much more well rounded, which I think is very important to being a Trojan,” Newman said. “In general, being a person in this world, you need to be able to speak to many different people about many different things, and I feel like these new GE requirements are one more step towards being the ultimate well-rounded person.”An exciting attribute of the new model is that students will be able to fulfill some of their general education requirements by taking classes across the university’s professional schools, as well as Dornsife College. This change now provides students with an opportunity to start completing their majors earlier, by enrolling in classes that overlap with their general education requirements.“The committees, both the design committee and the implementation groups, were very, very committed to the idea that it should not delay graduation, “ Fliegel said. “They also made a very concerted effort to make sure that a larger number of classes could be used to be both general education requirements and major and minor requirements.  That was possible under the old program, too, but the number of courses that did that were many fewer than there are now for the new categories.”Incoming freshmen are also expected to enroll in a “General Education Seminar” during their first year at the University.The purpose of the seminar is to ensure that students will have at least two small classes, the other being Writing 150, during their first year.The seminars most closely resemble the “Arts and Letters” requirement from the old model, but have less than two-thirds the maximum capacity of the former general education catagory’s classes.Over 100 general seminars will be available, with topics ranging from arts and humanities to life sciences and quantitative reasoning. Some examples from the “Seminar in the Arts” are “Authenticity and Popular Music” and “The Dream in Poetry.”With the seminars, students can earn credit for any one of the six “Core Literacy” requirements.Newman added that he is anxious for the change, but he trusts USC’s decision.“[The update is] kind of scary, but I have my trust in USC,” Newman said. “I know they’ve obviously done a lot of research and preparation to make sure that the change isn’t too drastic and that we’re all ready for this.”last_img read more